Tuesday, March 14, 2006

Depression in the Arts

Copyright freefoto.comGrumpy Old Bookman draws my attention to some research into depression in those who make their living (or try to) from the arts.

May I draw your attention, yet again, to the research published by Kay Jamison, Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Her study showed that 38% of a group of eminent British writers and artists had been treated for a mood disorder of one kind or another; of these, 75% had had antidepressants or lithium prescribed, or had been hospitalised. Of playwrights, 63% had been treated for depression. These proportions are, as you will have guessed, are many times higher than in the population at large.

Well, I'm not startled by this because I can't think of another profession that applies pressures more conducive to depression than the arts, and writing fiction in particular.

I teach psychological research methods to postgraduate students, and I have a PhD in experimental psychology, so you might think I have some form of expertise. And the answer is 'yes', I do have some form of expertise, but, alas, it is unrelated to clinical psychology. It is much more related to four years studying the word 'that'. However, 'that' won't stop me (Oh, God, kill me know) observing that the job of writing somewhat predisposes us towards depression

The writer works alone and for long periods. Social isolation is linked to depression because social interaction provides various kinds of support that can inhibit depressive thoughts and tendencies. The writer doesn't get much exercise. Regular exercise mitigates against the development of depressive symptoms. The writer is poorly paid, and this might lead to poor diet (though I must say that, in my case, the reduction in shopping budget has led to healthier meals), which is linked to depression. Poor pay is also linked to lowered social status, another causal factor in depression. Finally, your success as a writer is almost completely attributable to other people - editors, publishers, readers - and when those people aren't helpful (i.e. you almost never find yourself in court defending a pointless action that will only drive up sales of your already monstrous book), this might lead to a sense of hopelessness, and a feeling that the fundamentals of life are not under your control.

A psychologist called Julian Rotter developed the idea of 'locus of control'. Essentially, it refers to the individual's conception of whether the important things in life (relationships, job, well-being, etc.) are determined by the individual - an internal locus of control - or determined by external forces - an external locus of control. This is probably gets to the nub of the matter. Artists are constantly exposed to approval from the word go, from photographers to painters to writers, and constantly at threat that the approval will be withdrawn (I would guess). Of course, artists are perhaps more sensitive than the general population, too.

Am I depressed? No. But then, I'm an idiot. Only an idiot would want to write for money (the point Grumpy makes, not for the first time) when he should be tucked away in a university somewhere, researching his overeducated arse off.

It must be said that I've been somewhat glib with my description of depression in this article. If you suspect yourself, or someone you know, to be suffering from depression, you should seek professional medical advice. Here are some websites about depression catalogued by an organisation for which I work.

Technorati Tags: , ,


Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hmm so now the artistic ppl of the world have the cutting edge on angst, depression and so forth...I would challenge some of your statements irrespective of stats and research. Depression permeates all strata's of society and one must be careful not to focus on a particular group and pump up the volume on their alleged suffering. It could serve to reinforce to some their artistic abilities are chained to a predisposition to depression...

11:20 AM  
Blogger Dr Ian Hocking said...

I agree, depression does permeate all strata of society. However, my article is based on a piece of research that suggests depression levels are elevated in those attempt to make a living in the arts.

12:56 PM  
Blogger Michael Allen said...

Ian -- Your comment about the locus of control reminds me of something that I don't remember ever referring to on my blog (Grumpy Old Bookman) namely the fact that I voluntarily gave up using a leading agent. For many years I was represented both in the USA and UK by top names in the agenting business. In 1999, however, I decided (to cut a long story short) that I was not happy about the loss of control that this involved. Hence I gave up using an agent. This was much to the dismay of the UK agent, who had invested a lot of time and energy, over several years, in trying to market my stuff, without major success. However, immediately the decision was made, I felt much better, psychologically. I have never regretted it. I now publish all my own stuff, which means that I make almost zero money and have fewer readers than if I was published by a major company. But at least the stuff gets out there, when I want it to, in the form I want it to. Control, in other words, rests entirely with me. I recommend it.

7:21 PM  
Blogger Michael Allen said...

This post has been removed by a blog administrator.

7:22 PM  
Blogger Michael Allen said...

Oops. Just had another look at my blog and realised that I have posted a piece about the loss of control which having an agent involves -- and a lot more besides. It takes the form of a review of Sapolsky's book Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers. Very relevant to the depression/control issue. Here's the link: http://grumpyoldbookman.blogspot.com/2005/03/why-zebras-dont-get-ulcers-and-writers.html

7:47 PM  
Blogger Maxine said...

I am passing on (via Dave Lull) a couple of interesting (to me) articles about introvertism. Parts of these articles (though not all) seem to resonate with depression and creativity (including writing).
(The second of these urls is to the original article.)
Hope you enjoy them.
I just discovered your blog via Michael Allen's, and have put Deja Vu on my (extremely extensive) reading list.

All best
Maxine (aka Petrona at http://petrona-maxine.blogspot.com/)

12:25 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

University-based researchers get depressed, too! Research assessment exercises, output reporting, anonymous review processes, constant exposure to nauseatingly brilliant colleagues, short-term contracts, competitive grant processes ... I would love to see a few statistics on the mental health of university based academics! And have you ever met a more depressed bunch than final year PhD students? Seriously.

12:03 PM  

Post a Comment

Links to this post:

Create a Link

<< Home